Old Barracks Museum

101 Barrack Street

French and Indian War:

In 1758, the Barracks was the biggest building in Trenton. About 300 British and Irish soldiers were the first to live here. The building was made of stone and had dark red woodwork. There were about 20 soldiers' rooms, each with two windows, a door and a fireplace. Twelve soldiers were housed in each room, with two men sleeping in each wooden bunk. The soldiers received rations of food, firewood, candles, cider, salt, and vinegar. There was a kitchen in the cellar, but most soldiers cooked in their rooms. In the center of the building was a little house with a staircase to the second floor and the balcony. The Officers' House was fancier and more comfortable. Cows, pigs, chickens and horses were kept outside in the yard. The first soldiers to occupy the Barracks were two companies of Irishmen, the Inniskillin's (1758-1759); two companies of lowland Scots, the First Regiment of Foot (1759-1760); and two companies of British soldiers with Swiss officers, the Royal American (1761-1762).

When the Revolutionary War started, the Barracks was used by American troops. British prisoners of war from St. John and Chambly, Canada, were imprisoned in the Officers House while four companies of the Second New Jersey Regiment of the Continental Line were raised here. In December, 1776, British and Hessian troops occupied Trenton. Some of them stayed in the Barracks. Colonists loyal to the English king also arrived so that they could be protected by the soldiers. During the First Battle of Trenton on Dec. 26, in a miraculously successful morning raid, General Washington captured many of the Hessians. The Americans returned to Trenton and used the Barracks. In 1777, the Barracks became an army hospital under Dr. Bodo Otto. Many soldiers and supplies passed through Trenton until the end of the war. The last soldiers in the Barracks may have been sick and wounded soldiers from the siege of Yorktown in 1781.


Jonathan Mays

Saturday, Jan. 13, 2018

Building and exhibits are great. Tour guide knew more than he could've shared in a weeklong tour! Staff was great and friendly. Passing thru from out of state and not only did I get a historical lesson on the barracks, but on the whole state and country! Would recommend to anybody looking for entertainment and information

Amy Shue

Thursday, Jan. 4, 2018

Very cool and histprical place. All staff was extremely friendly and knowledgeable. I highly recommend going during a reenactment.

Jacque Howard

Tuesday, Jan. 2, 2018

Awesome place for people of all ages to visit to learn about American History during the Revolutionary War era.

Bill Jones

Wednesday, Nov. 29, 2017

Small museum, very well done. Interesting exhibits and knowledgeable guides on the tour

Justin Bowers

Saturday, July 8, 2017

Great local piece of history. Hadn't been here since I was young, took the kids on a whim and they had a great time. A few of the reenactors participated in a speed reloading contest with their muskets for a local news crew - the winner was able to fire 4 rounds in just over 1 minute.